Thanks to the B vitamins, iron and some minerals, such as potassium. , copper and zinc.
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- They also have antioxidants, anti-inflammatory properties and are rich in beta-glucan, a soluble fiber that helps against heart disease.
- The amounts of each of these nutrients will vary depending on the type of mushroom and the soil in which it was grown.
- But, in general, all of them have these nutritional properties in greater or lesser amounts.
- In the world there are thousands of varieties of mushrooms, but we usually find some specific varieties in the markets.
Here in Brazil, the most consumed and easiest to find in the markets are:
Mushroom paris or champignon – is the best known and most used type, rich in vitamin B5 and B12, phosphorus and fiber that help control cholesterol and prevent intestinal diseases.
Portobello – has a dark color and is larger than the others, but its texture is a little harder, getting to the point of being fibrous. It is rich in vitamins B2 and B3 and can be cooked, grilled or sautéed.
Shiitake – popularized by oriental cuisine in Brazil, it is easily found in several recipes.
Truffle – unlike the other mushrooms on the list, truffles are born underground. Collecting is complex, as they are only valuable if taken from the ground undamaged. There are three types: white, black and summer.
Shimeji – is rich in phosphorus, magnesium, vitamin B3 and potassium, being a great ally in controlling blood pressure.