Mushroom Cultivation is the art of growing mushrooms. The first step is selecting a substrate. Mushrooms are essentially networks of cells.
The ideal environment for cultivation is sterile, but it is not always possible to achieve sterility in the laboratory. Nevertheless, there are certain techniques you can use to ensure the best possible results.
Depending on your growing season, you can grow different types of mushrooms. For the fall harvest, you can use trimmed ends of the stalk.
You can also buy spawn during other seasons. If you wish to grow mushrooms in the summer, it is recommended to grow them in the shade.
Once they have spawned, you can harvest them in late fall or winter.
Once the substrate has reached the right buy M online in Canada temperature, you can begin inoculation. The next step is to sterilize the substrate.
Pasteurization reduces the number of other microbes in the substrate. This gives the mushroom a better chance of growing. In addition, you should add plenty of humidity to the air.
The temperature of the air during the cropping period is around sixty-five degrees Fahrenheit.
A higher temperature will kill the mycelium and reduce the quality of your harvest.
The temperature of the compost should not exceed eighty degrees Fahrenheit. In addition, low temperatures slow down the spawn growth and increase the harvesting interval.
Mushrooms are grown in a variety of substrates. Some grow well on manure, while others require more organic materials.
For example, many of the more gourmet species do best on hardwood sawdust and straw. The ratio of manure and straw is a key factor in mushroom cultivation.
Straw is an inexpensive substrate. Straw is the stem portion of grains, and can be bought at a reasonable cost.
The cost of a 40-pound square bail of straw is two to four dollars. Straw should be cleaned and pasteurized before use. Straw is most effective for large scale grow operations.
- Mushrooms grow well on wood chips and hardwood sawdust, which are common waste products in industry.
- Composting manure is another option. Mushroom cultivation is environmentally friendly. It uses less resources and less energy than traditional animal farming methods.
- It also has a positive impact on the environment since it does not require fertilizer or pesticides.
- Mushrooms can be grown as ornamental plants and food items. Some of the more popular varieties are the button mushroom and shiitake.
- The other top three most common species are Lentinula (shiitake and relatives), Pleurotus (oyster), and Auricularia (wood ear mushrooms).
- These are rich sources of protein and fiber. They are higher in amino acids than many fruits and vegetables.
- Mushroom Cultivation requires a small investment, and is profitable. Some farms produce 785,000 tonnes of mushrooms each year. In fact, France is the largest mushroom producer in the world.